About the FICO Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number.
This score is built by credit agencies. They use the payment history of all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans and others.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following in building a credit score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most borrowers who want to get a mortgage have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You should, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report; this is really the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
How do I find out my credit score?
To improve your FICO score, you must have the reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three agencies. Also available are information and online tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your credit score? Give us a call: 800-555-6144.